Small Islands of Guernsey’s Bailiwick

by Kate 4th January 2016

Photo: Neil Howard / CC

Small Islands of Alderney

 

Les Hanois

 

Les Hanois is a reef system to the south-west of Guernsey, also known as Hanoveaux. They form the westernmost point of the Channel Islands and are the location of the Les Hanois Lighthouse. The Les Hanois reef includes the major rocks of Le Bisé, on which the Les Hanois Lighthouse is built, Le Grand Hanois, Le Petit Hanois, La Percée, Round Rock and La Grosse Rocque.


Les Houmets

 

Les Houmets are a group of islets to the east of Guernsey and include Houmet Benest/Houmet Benêt, Houmet Paradis and Houmet Hommetol (Omptolle). Houmet Paradis was purchased in 2004 for the people of Guernsey and is under the stewardship of the National Trust of Guernsey. It is accessible at low tide and is home to a number of rabbits and birds. The Trust maintains it as a nature reserve and as a result, access during nesting season is restricted. Victor Hugo who lived in Guernsey wrote about the islets in his novel The Toilers of the Sea (Les Travailleurs de la mer). Gilliat, the main character lives on Houmet Paradis: This house was called the Bû de la Rue. It was situated on the point of a tongue of land, or rather of rock, that made a little separate harbour in the creek of Houmet Paradis. The water was very deep here. This house was all alone on the point, almost off the land, with just enough land for a small garden. The high tides sometimes inundated the garden. Between the port of St. Sampson and the creek of Houmet Paradis rises a steep hill, surmounted by the block of towers covered with ivy, and known as Vale Castle, or the Chateau de l’Archange; so that, at St. Sampson, the Bû de la Rue was shut out from sight...

 


 

 

Small Islands of Alderney

 

Burhou

 

Burhou is a small uninhabited island just over a mile north west of Alderney. It is approximately half a mile long and a fifth of a mile wide. Burhou is a bird sanctuary which is home to 11 species of breeding birds including a colony of puffins. The Guernsey botanist E. D. Marquand called it

 

the most desolate and lonely of all the islands in our archipelago

 


Ortac

 

Ortac is an uninhabited island approximately 5 km from Alderney. Together with the Casquets, Ortac and Alderney are part of the same sandstone ridge. Ortac is approximately 50 meters by 70 meters, and rises to about 79 feet above sea level. It houses the most southerly colony of gannets. Over 6,000 breeding pairs have been recorded in the area.


Les Casquets

 

Les Casquets is a group of rocks just over 8 miles northwest from Alderney. They form part of an underwater sandstone ridge that also includes the islets of Burhou and Ortac. Several ships have been wrecked in the area and, as a result a series of lighthouses have been built in the area. The first started operation in 1724, it was formed of three towers lit by coal fires called St Peter, St Thomas and the Dungeon. The towers were built to distinguish them from lighthouses in nearby France. These lights have been superseded several times since then and, while the three original towers are still in use, only the North West Tower shines a light. It was automated in 1990. Les Casquets have been immortalised several times in literature. Victor Hugo, wrote in his novel The Laughing Man (L'Homme qui Rit): To be wrecked on the Casquets is to be cut into ribbons; to strike on the Ortac is to be crushed into powder... On a straight frontage, such of that of the Ortac, neither the wave nor the cannon ball can ricochet... if the wave carries the vessel on the rock she breaks on it, and is lost. In addition Swinburne wrote a poem called Les Casquets, which is based on a family, who lived on the islets. The family was originally from Alderney, and the poem describes their life on Les Casquets. The poem describes the daughter falling in love with someone from Alderney, and finding life, upon moving to the larger island, too busy. She finds the "small bright streets of serene St Anne" and "the sight of the works of men" too much and returns to Les Casquets. You can read the poem here.

 


 

Photo: Rachel Adams / CC

Small Islands of Sark

 

Brecqhou

 

Brecqhou is located to the west of Sark and is approximately 74 acres in size. It is separated from Sark by Le Goulliot Passage which, according to legend, has only once been negotiated by boat in a high tide. However, in truth it is regularly navigated by yachts and fishing boats and even forms part of the route taken in powerboat events.


The Barclay Twins, the owners of the Daily Telegraph and the Ritz Hotel, purchased the island in 1993 for £2.4 million from the inheritors of former owner Leonard Joseph Matchan. The twins subsequently built a mock gothic castle on the site of the existing manor house. The twins have attempted to make the island independent, however, despite their assertions Brecqhou remains a tenement of Sark.

 



Photo: CC

Small Islands of Herm

 

Jethou

 

Jethou is to the south of Herm and is approximately 44 acres in size. It is privately leased and therefore not open to the public. It is flanked by two islets, Crevichon to the north (See below) and Fauconniere to the south. There is one house and two cottages on the island and, at its peak there is a marker. It is said that pirates were hanged on the marker with chains. Puffins are regular visitors to the island and can usually be seen swimming towards the east of the islet.

 

Crevichon

 

Crevichon is an islet off Herm, just to the north of Jethou which is around 200 meters away. It is approximately 3 hectares in size and uninhabited. Its name is Norman in origin and said to refer to the ‘isle of crabs, crayfish or cranes’. The islet has been a source of granite for various buildings. It is rumoured that the steps of St Paul’s Cathedral in London are constructed of Crevichon granite. Crevichon granite was also used in the harbour of St Peter Port harbour and, due to its use as a source of this granite, evidence suggests that the islet was much larger. As a result, in order to make the islet more visible a fifteen-foot marker was erected on its peak.

 

Thumbnail photo by Marc Krombach.

Posted by boss
Monday, 4th January 2016, 07:13pm.
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